Monday, 28 May 2012



To prevent others from copying your work, you have to copyright your work. Using someone else’s work without asking for permission is illegal and classed as plagiarism. If you use part of someone else’s work to help argue your case or argue against it, you can reference the work on your essay. You have to state the author, website, article name, year of publication, date accessed and the full url. If you use or quote someone else’s work without referencing it, the tutors and higher markers will think that you are trying to class it as your own work, which can make your work invalid and can fail the work as it would be plagiarism.  

Content And Style

 Content & Style

The VT subject is based on football but with a more serious story, Sunday league referees receive a lot of abuse whilst doing their job. Most players believe the referee made the wrong decision and therefore believe it’s acceptable to abuse referees. The aim of the VT is to put a stop to the players and fans contributing to the abuse referees receive. There will be an interview with a Sunday league referee to give people an insight on his side of things and what the referee thinks of this matter.

During the VT there will be 3 vox pops finding out how the general public find the subject as well as an interview with a referee, I came up with some questions to ask the referee and general public:

(Vox Pops- questions)
  1. Have you witnessed a football referee receive negative or abusive remarks in a game?
  2. What are your views on this matter?
  3. Do you think there is any way of cutting this out of games?
  4. Would you agree with a new disciplinary fining players and fans more than they already are?

(Interview – questions)
Hi, and thanks for allowing us to interview you (Name). Firstly you’re a referee for a Sunday league football matches,
  1. Do you enjoy refereeing football games?
  2. Per game, how many times do you usually receive abusive remarks from players?
  3. How do these remarks affect you during your job?
  4. Would you agree with a new disciplinary to players, fining them for abusive remarks?
  5. If a player shouts abuse at you during a game, how do you approach this situation?
  6. Would you give a player a red or yellow card if he shouted negative comments to you, or would you give them a warning?
  7. Do you think that the amount of negative abuse referees receive will create a shortage of referees for Sunday league football games?

The style of the news VT will aim to be as professional as possible. There will be no title sequence due to it being in a 30-minute live show, nor will there be end credits in the VT.
The live show overall will have a title sequence and some end credits. The title sequence will be pre made in After Effects. As part of the title sequence we will show small parts of clips in the title sequence saying they are the main headlines of todays show which will then at the end show News at 7’s logo.
The end credits for the live show will fade to black with white text informing us of who did what role, e.g. Director – Josh Lloyd, Vision Mixer – Kassem Berraies etc. The end credits will be pre made in Final Cut Pro.

As part of our set design, we will be having a white drop down behind the presenter with blue coloured gels over two of our studio lights to give the studio a blue coloured glow. This ties in with the title sequence and lower thirds of the VT’s as we have gone blue for these as well. The studio layout will be as professional as it can be, we are going to have a desk and chair for the presenter in front of the white drop down, and then when the guest comes on, we will put another chair near the presenter whilst a VT is running. We already have one flat screen in our studio and have spoken to the art department to ask them if we can hire their flat screen for our studio on the day of the live shoot and have been granted the request. We are connecting both flat screens to a laptop each with pre created sequences, one with the news at 7 logo for the first camera shot to film whilst panning to the presenter, and the second is going to be a sports sequence for the sports presenter to stand next to when presenting the sports section.

Research on Various News Packages

Research on News Package shows

I have been looking into many different sports VT packages to try getting an understanding of how the generic sports package is layout and what each consists of. By doing this, it will give me a better understanding of what is needed for my VT and will make the VT more professional if I have a lot of relevant research before I actually film and edit my own VT.  

The first VT I found was a football based VT about a football stadium being replaced by a housing estate due to the owner falling into dept. This VT doesn’t consist of any piece to cameras but has a lot more voice-overs. With a voice over starting the package, this is one way of introducing the news package where as most start with a piece to camera. This also has the interview before the vox pops, which again isn’t the traditional way, as most have vox pops first then the interview.[1]

This news package starts off with a piece to camera with a lower third after the studio presenter introduces the news package presenter. The piece to camera introduces the topic and poses with a question at the end, this is a very generic way of reporting a news package and most other package do this. The package then has a clip of Usain Bolt during his race showing him beat the world record, then returns back to the presenter for another piece to camera. This package only shows an interview with Usain Bolt and another racer called Asafa Powell but doesn’t consist of any vox pops, this isn’t always a generic way as some have vox pops as well as interviews. To end the package it shows another clip of the race with a voice over to end the news package.[2]

Another news package example is a news package based on Steve Hooker an Olympic champion. Again, this news package starts the exact same way as the Usain Bolt news package. Starts off a presenter in the studio introducing the news package presenter, he jumps straight into the interview with the main guest then cuts back to the presenter for another piece to camera. This step is repeated a couple of times between piece to camera and the interview, which isn’t a method I’m going to be approaching. This news package then has a second interview with Steve Hookers coach, but again they go for the same approach by cutting between piece to camera and interview. In a way, this is an effective way, due to it not making the interview seem long and boring, it makes the interview seem shorter and more interesting.[3]

This is another fox sports news package, the package starts off with a voice over instead of a piece to camera, which is again not a generic way of a news package, which isn’t an approach il be taking, but then cuts to an interview with the head coach talking about the subject. This news package again cuts from interview and voice over instead of piece to camera unlike the others, which isn’t the sort of VT idea I will be going for. The news package then has some more voice-overs and has a quick vox pop of one of the players, which is different compared to the other news packages I’ve looked at. The package then has a brief piece to camera, which is essential as it shows who’s presenting the package. To finish the new package off, they have gone for an old clip of American football with a voice over.[4]

[1] DSalisburyJones. (2011). Burscough FC Groundshare - Sky Sports News Package Aired 31/5/2011. Available: Last accessed 10th May 2012.
[2] umpmediamarketing. (2009). Usain Bolt (Fox Sports News Package). Available: Last accessed 10th May 2012.

[3] jumpmediamarketing. (2009). Steve Hooker (Fox Sports News Package). Available: Last accessed 16th May 2012.
[4] dkspiral . (2009). Fox Sports News - OzPunt Package. Available: Last accessed 16th May 2012.



My group for the 30-minute show consisted of Josh, me, Abid, Andrew, Rebecca, Joe Luke, Nabeel, Ezra and Imogen. We all had to come up with a VT of our desired topic to be back timed for the 30-minute show. Individually we edited our own work, which gives everyone the chance to gain experience in editing instead of dedicating one person to edit them all, this also puts less pressure on just one person to edit them all. We had a director role, vision mixer, sound technician, three cameramen, floor manager and two presenter roles. We chose the roles as professionally, most reliable and to each persons strengths, as some preferred to do certain roles over others. I think this was a very effective and reasonable way to choose roles, as this works to everyone’s gains, everyone had a say in what they wanted to do and made the workplace a more friendly and positive atmosphere. The only downfall of choosing roles this way was if two people wanted to do a one-person role, although we didn’t come across this problem.

Each group had to use a live edited VT that had been edited on the day as part of the assignment. Our group assigned this role to Josh as he felt comfortable with editing and was essentially the most experienced editor on our team, therefore it was realistic for him to edit the VT on the day, we chose a clip from the Champions league final between Chelsea vs. Bayern Munich, Josh edited this on the day and used it in the live show near the sports section. This wasn’t the best VT we could have chosen due to it not being a VT but more of a filler whilst the sports presenter was speaking. Although we knew throughout the day that this edited clip wasn’t a good example of live editing, we didn’t do anything about it. We later found out that Luke had a VT that he edited on the day but was too late to put in the live show.

Communication between each member during the live show was a problem, due to not every member of our group not having a headset. Some members didn’t need the headset for example, the sound technician and the vision mixer. Although we faced this problem, I believe the communication between director, vision mixer, cameramen and floor manager was one of the best aspects of our show. We knew what we had to do and we didn’t have any problems with communication.

The live show has to be 30 minutes no less, this was another problem both groups faced incase the show was short, the presenter and director would have to find some way of extending the show to last 30 minutes. In this aspect, we had this problem but weren’t running short, we was on course to run over. We was on out last VT with one minute left, and only had 45 seconds left. We decided quickly to cut the ending of the VT so we wouldn’t run over 30 minutes by too much, our final show lasted 30 minutes and 4 seconds. I think we did a good job and solved the problem we faced fairly quickly although it didn’t help the show run smoothly.

Each group had the same amount of rehearsal days, this was to help us estimate at how long the live show will come up to and give us feedback of weather we need to cut any out of put more in, but we didn’t take full advantage of rehearsals which was a big mistake. We could have had three or four rehearsals and have had the live show ready and perfect where as we didn’t really have a proper rehearsal. This made the live show more of a hit or miss chance on the final day.

Overall, our show was slightly over 30 minutes, but with the problems we faced I believe we worked fairly well with the likes of everyone’s lower third matching up, and communication being at a top level within the group. The main part we could have improved was the rehearsals, if we had taken advantage of the rehearsals, we could have had sorted out most of the other problems with more practice.

Development Of Idea

 Development of Idea

My original VT idea was still based on football, but was a less serious matter. Match of The Day influenced the idea, which is on BBC One every Saturday and Sunday, as well as the sports section on the news. The generic idea is that a presenter introduces the show, then shows highlights of goals from the Premier League then talk about the games, where as the sports section in news shows are less informative but get the same point across. The news shows sports section usually has one sports presenter talk about the recent scores with a few graphic pages of the league table and scores. My original idea was going to be like this but based on a much more local football leagues, Manchester And Cheshire football league, that are an amateur team.

As a few weeks went on, with more research, I realised that this VT idea wouldn’t have a wide enough target audience to make it interesting, as there are thousands of amateur football leagues in the UK and just one wouldn’t create a wide enough audience.

I changed my VT idea a week later to the Sunday League Referees receiving abusive remarks. I seen an article in the Manchester Evening News about referees complaining to cut out the abuse they receive during games, which inspired me to go and do more research into the topic. I found several articles that backed this topic, explaining how referees receive inappropriate language from players and fans. I knew that this idea wouldn’t just have a target audience of football fans, but a greater audience. With it having a wider audience, I knew it would be a reasonable and important VT to put into the 30-minute show.

My final VT consisted of interviews, vox pops, graphics page, lower thirds, general views and piece to cameras. Overall I believe my VT was effective and had a degree of importance even though it was a sports genre.